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Preventive Measures: How to Avoid Common Dog Health Issues

As a dog owner, one of our prime responsibilities is to ensure our furry friends stay healthy and avoid common health issues. While a certain degree of genetic disposition and natural aging is inevitable, many other prevalent dog health concerns can be effectively prevented with proper care and precautions. Incorporating a healthy diet, regular exercise, good dental care, and consistent vet checks into your dog's routine are some of the efficient ways to maintain their overall well-being. This article offers actionable insights into how these strategies can help keep common dog health issues at bay. For more information, or if you’re looking for a Fort Collins vet, we encourage you to contact Coyote Ridge Veterinary Clinic.

Maintain a Healthy Diet

Just like humans, dogs also require a balanced and nutritious diet to remain healthy. It can directly influence their skin and coat, weight, energy levels, and gastrointestinal function. Obesity is a widespread problem among dogs, contributing to severe health conditions like diabetes, joint disorders, and heart disease. Therefore, feeding your dog a properly balanced diet, limiting treats, and avoiding table scraps is imperative.

Premium-quality dog foods usually contain the right blend of nutrients, but it’s necessary to measure portions appropriately. Speak to your vet about the best nutritious diet for your dog, considering factors such as age, size, breed, and health status. 

Regular Exercise

Another crucial element that contributes substantially to your dog's health is regular exercise. Exercise benefits your dog’s overall health by maintaining an ideal weight, improving cardiovascular health, and reducing behavioral issues resulting from pent-up energy.

The frequency and intensity of exercise may differ based on your dog's age, breed, and health. Puppies generally have a lot of energy and may need several bouts of vigorous playtime each day, whereas older dogs may benefit from shorter, more frequent walks. Mental exercise, like training sessions or brain games, can also keep your dog's mind sharp and engaged.

Dental Care

Oral health is something that often gets overlooked in dogs, but it is an area that requires significant attention. Dental diseases can lead to serious health issues, including heart, liver, and kidney diseases. Regularly brushing your dog's teeth can prevent dental problems like plaque, tartar build-up, and gum disease. In addition, giving your dog dental chews or a specialized dental diet can supplement your brushing efforts.

Vets recommend an annual dental check-up along with professional cleaning for dogs, which can detect potential dental problems early and save your pooch from painful dental issues.

Regular Vet Checks

Routine veterinary check-ups play a pivotal role in maintaining your dog's health as they can identify potential health concerns before they escalate. Dogs should have a complete vet check-up at least once a year. For older dogs or dogs with chronic health issues, more frequent visits may be recommended. 

During these visits, the vet will assess your dog's overall physical health, administer necessary vaccinations, check for signs of illness or disease, and assess any ongoing treatments or preventive measures. These regular assessments can help catch and address any health issues early, ensuring a long, healthy life for your pet.


Regular vaccinations form a significant portion of a dog's healthcare routine. Vaccines protect your dogs from infectious diseases like parvovirus, distemper, rabies, and canine hepatitis. Preventable diseases such as these can cause serious health complications and prove fatal if not promptly treated.

The vaccination schedule starts when your puppy is around 6 to 8 weeks old and continues throughout his/her life. There are core vaccines (DHPP and rabies), which are strongly recommended for all dogs, and non-core vaccines offered depending on your pet’s lifestyle, health condition, or specific regional threats. At Coyote Ridge, we can help establish the appropriate vaccination protocol for your dog based on his age, health status, and exposure risk.

Parasite Control

Parasites such as fleas, ticks, and worms are common in dogs and can cause severe discomfort, illnesses, and even lead to death in severe cases. Regular, preventive treatments can help protect your dog from these parasites. Most products are administered monthly and come in the form of chewable tablets, spot-on treatments, or collars. 

Different parasites are active at different times of the year, and the threat level can vary depending on where you live. That’s why it’s important to talk with your vet about the most prevalent parasites in Northern Colorado and their peak season to develop an effective year-round parasite control program for your dog. 


Spaying (for females) or neutering (for males) is another proven strategy to prevent several health complications in dogs. It minimizes the risk of certain types of cancers, including mammary, ovarian, and testicular cancers. The procedure also prevents undesirable behaviors such as marking territory, mounting, and aggression, in male dogs and heat cycles in female dogs.

Regular Grooming

Grooming is not just about making your dog look good; it also plays a crucial role in maintaining their overall health. Regular brushing helps to remove dead hair, dirt, and dandruff, and distributes natural oils evenly throughout the coat, keeping it healthy and shiny. It also provides an opportunity to examine your dog's skin for signs of fleas, ticks, or skin infections.

Bathing should be done once every month or two, depending on your dog's breed and lifestyle, using dog-specific shampoos. Some breeds may also require regular trimming. The eyes, ears, and teeth also require routine cleaning to prevent infections.

Looking For a Fort Collins Vet to Assist With Preventative Care?

Prevention is always better (and usually less expensive) than cure, and being aware of common health issues can significantly contribute to your dog's overall well-being. At Coyote Ridge Veterinary Clinic in Fort Collins, we are here to help you at every step. We offer comprehensive preventive care services to ensure your pets stay active and healthy all year round. Call us today to schedule an appointment or visit our clinic in Fort Collins. Together, let us work towards ensuring your pet lives a healthy, long, and joyful life!

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